The Natural Law is the concept that there are certain eternal, absolute, unchangeable truths that determine what goes on in the universe. Examples of the Natural Law include the laws of physics (insofar as we can ascertain their truth), laws of getting wealthy (financial and otherwise), and laws of influencing people. In order to be free, individuals, families, and governments must follow the order of the Natural Law. Consider a man who throws a stone in the air, he may want it to continue on at the same pace unaffected by gravity, he may shout at it to, “fly like the wind!”, but in vain. Natural Law dictates that the rock is coming down. Possibly even on the head of this small minded man!
Of course, man’s law should be based on the natural law, but there is great difficulty in that, as Blackstone said: “if our reason were always, as in our first ancestor before his transgression, clear and perfect, unruffled by passions, unclouded by prejudice, unimpaired by disease or intemperance, the task would be pleasant and easy; we should need no other guide but this. But every man now finds the contrary in his own experience; that his reason is corrupt, and his understanding full of ignorance and error.” This is why we need the Revealed or Divine law; it is the easiest and most reliable way to learn the Natural law.
The Revealed Law is God’s law which he gave to man through his messengers, supremely Prophets. You find the Revealed law (sometimes called the Divine Law) in the Holy Scriptures. Open your Bible to Exodus 20, there may be found the Ten Commandments. They are basic moral laws which God gave, first to Israel, then to the world. Turn the page to Exodus chapter 21, these are some of the specific laws (the law of Moses) which God gave to Israel, and at one period of time only.
It’s important to learn principles, but when you learn of commandments which were meant to be applied only at certain times like the Law of Moses, we should not treat them as the letter of the law for our time. We should only learn general principles from them. It is however essential to apply to our lives eternal (always applicable) commandments of God, especially the Ten Commandments.
Natural and Revealed Law is superior to, and precedes man’s law. In fact, the only morally legitimate laws made by people are those which follow the Natural and Revealed laws. In the words of Frédéric Bastiat: “Life, faculties, production—in other words, individuality, liberty, property—this is man. And in spite of the cunning of artful political leaders, these three gifts from God precede all human legislation, and are superior to it. Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws. On the contrary, it was the fact that life, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place.” May we remember the proper order in which life is supposed to take, where we and what God has given us is of utmost importance while as the state is merely the guarantor of our God given rights.